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解读“代尔夫特的斯芬克斯”:关于黄金时代大师维米尔的五个关键词2019/10/2

缅甸银河国际  SHILIUSHIJIDEHELANBAITUOXIBANYATONGZHIHOU,YINGDELEZHENGZHIDULI。GUOLIDEFANRONGBANSUIZHEHAISHANGMAOYIDEPENGBOZHIJIETUIDONGLEYISHUDEFAZHAN,ZHEIPIANXIAXIAODEGUOTUHEZHEILIDEYISHUZAISHIQISHIJIYINGLAILEYIGEZHENZHENGDE“HUANGJINSHIDAI”。

  HELANHUANGJINSHIDAIDEHUIHUADASHIYUEHANNEISI•WEIMIER (Johannes Vermeer,1632-1675) JIUYUCISHICHUSHENGZAIHELANDAIERFUTE(Delft) 。HEDANGSHIDEGUOJIDADOUSHIAMUSITEDAN (Amsterdam)XIANGBI,YONGYOULIANGWANSANQIANRENDEHELANDILIUDACHENGSHIDAIERFUTEBULUNZAIJINGJISHANGHAISHIYISHUSHANGDOUHAOBUXUNSE。CHULEYONGYOUYUSHIJIEMAOYIWANGLAIPINFANDEDONGYINDUGONGSIFENBUZHIWAI,YEYUNYULEFANGZHIZHONGGUOQINGHUACIDEKAOCIJISHUERWENMINGSHIJIEDEDAIERFUTELAN (Delft Blue)。WEIMIERZAIDAIERFUTECHUSHENG,ZHANGDA,SHENGHUO,SHISHI。TACONGWEILIKAIZHEIZUOCHENGSHI,YEMEIYOULIUXIARENHERIJIHESHUXIN。JIUJINGWEIMIERDESHENGPINGSHIZENYANGDE,TADEYOUNIANHESHAONIANSHIQISHIRUHEDUGUODE,YISHENGCONGSHIGUONAXIEYISHUHUODONG,WOMENZHINENGZAIJINYOUTARENSUOSHUHETADEHUAZUOZHONGZHAODAOYIXIEDAAN。

  WEIMIERYU1632NIANCHUSHENGZAIDAIERFUTEYIGEHUASHANGJIATING,FUQINQUSHIHOUBIANJICHENGFUYE,TONGSHICONGSHIHUIHUACHUANGZUO。21SUIDEWEIMIERJIARULEDAIERFUTEHUAJIAGONGHUI,BINGXIANHOULIANGCIZUOGUOGONGHUIDELINGDAOREN,ZAIDANGSHIDEHUATANXIANGYOUYIDINGDESHENGYU。ZUOWEI“HELANXIAOHUAPAI”LIUPAIDEDAIBIAORENWUZHIYI,WEIMIERDEZUOPINDADUOWEIFENGSUTICAIDEHUIHUA,BIAODANINGJINGHEXIEDEPUTONGJIAJUSHENGHUO。ZAITALIUCHUANXIALAIDEHUAZUOZHONG,HUAMIANBUJUDUOWEIDANGEHUOLIANGSANGERENWUDEXIAOXIANGHUA,TAMENHUOXIUXIANHUOLAOZUODANJIHUMEIYOUCHUXIANRENHERENAOXUANHUADECHANGJING。CHUCIZHIWAI,YEJINYOULIANGFUFENGJINGHUALIUCHUANXIALAI,FENBIESHIZUOYU1660-1661NIAN《DAIERFUTEYIJING》(The View of Delft)HE1658NIANDE《XIAOJIE》(The Little Street)。CIWAI,TAZAIYISHUFENGGESHANGYEBIEJUTESE,HUAZUOXINGTIJIEGOUJINGZHI,ZONGSHICONGZUOCEZHAOSHEJINFANGJIANDEYANGGUANGRANGZHENGGEHUAMIANXIANDEQINGXINZIRAN,ZAIGUANGYINGDEBAWOZHONGBIAOXIANSHINEIDEKONGJIANGAN。HAIZHIDEYITIDESHITADUIYANSEDEYUNYONG,TAXIHUANSHIYONGWENHEDEHUANGLANWEIZHUDIAO,JIANGHUAMIANDINGGEZAIROUHEDENINGJINGSHIJIELI。

  SUIRANDEDAOCHUSHENSHANGLIUSHEHUIDEYUEMUZHICHI,DANYOUYUQIZUOHUATAIDUYANJIN,DUANZANDEJINERSHIWUNIANDEHUIHUASHENGYALIWEIMIERZHICHUANGZUOLEWUSHIDUOFUZUOPIN。JIASHANGZINVZHONGDUO(SHENGLE11GEERNV),TADESHENGHUOZAIWANQIBINGBUFUYU。1675NIAN,HUAJIACANJIALEFANGYUFAGUOJUNDUIDERUQINERGUODULAOLEI,SHENGHUOYOUXIANYUJIDUANPINKUN,ZAIPINBINGJIAOJIAZHONGQUSHI,LIUXIAQIZIERNVHEJUEZHAIWU,ZHONGNIAN43SUI。

  RUCIQIONGKUNLIAODAODEJUMIANSHIDEWEIMIERDEZUOPINLIUSANYANZHONG,CHUANSHIDEZUOPINJIN35FU。QIZHONGYIFUCHUANGZUOYU1662ZHI1665NIANDEHUAJIAHUANGJINQIMINGZUO《YINLEHUI》(Music Room)ZAI1990NIANYUMEIGUOBOSHIDUNBEIDAO,ZHIJINRENGSHIGEBUJIEZHIMI。CIWAI,WEIMIERSHIRUHEBEIRENMENWANGQUEDALIANGGESHIJIZHIJIU,HOULAICAIBEI“FAXIAN”YUHAERSIJILUNBOLANGBINGLIEZUNWEIHUANGJINSHIDAISANJIE;TADEDAIBIAOZUOCHUANGZUOYU1665NIANDE《DAIZHENZHUERHUANDESHAONV》(The Girl with Pearl)JIUJINGHUAZUOYUANXINGSHISHEI;ERTAJIUJINGYOUMEIYOUSHOUDAODANGSHITOUJINGDEYINGXIANGERSHIYONGANXIANGJISHUZUOHUANI?RUCIZHONGZHONGMITUANRUOMINGRUOAN,ZHONGSHUOBUYI。YINCI,ZHEIWEISHIQISHIJIDEHELANHUAJIAWEIMIERCENGJINGHUODEYIGEYAHAO:DAIERFUTEDESIFENKESI。

  ZONGGUANHELANSHIQISHIJIHUANGJINSHIDAI,FENXIWEIMIERDECHUANSHIZUOPINJIQIXIJIEHOU,YEXUZHEIWUGEGUANJIANCI“ZHONGCHANJIEJIDEJIATINGSHENGHUO”“SHUYUDANYOUBUSHUYUDAIERFUTEDEWEIMIER”“GUANGYINGDASHI”“WEIMIERLAN”“KEJIYUDASHI”JIUNENGGENGHAODEJIEDU“DAIERFUTEDESIFENKESI”—HELANHUANGJINSHIDAIDEDASHIWEIMIER。

缅甸银河国际  WEIMIERZUOWEI“HELANXIAOHUAPAI”LIUPAIDEDAIBIAORENWU,ZAITADEHUAZUOLIFANFUMIAOHUILEZHONGCHANJIEJIJIATINGSHENGHUO。“PINMING”“ZUOHUA”“DUXIN”“SHUZHUANG”“TANQING”“NONGLE”“ZUOXUEWEN/YANJIU”DENGDENGDOUSHITAXIGUANSHIYONGDECHANGJINGYUANSU。LIRUZHONGTIQINWEIAOLA (Viola) JIUCHUXIANLESICI。DANZAITAWANQIHUAZUOLI,FANFUCHUXIANLELIANGCIDANZOUGANGQINDECHANGJING,DANYANZOUDENVZIBIAOQINGNIUNIBUAN,YUZAOQITAWENROUFUQINNVZIXINGCHENGLEXIANMINGDUIBI,ZHEIYECONGLINGYIGECEMIANFANYINGCHUWEIMIERSHENGHUOJINGYUDEGAIBIAN。

  CHULEYOUJIAOYANGDEZHONGCHANJIEJIJIATINGSHENGHUOZHIWAI,WEIMIERYEMIAOHUILEYIXIEPUTONGDERICHANGLAOZUOSHENGHUO。DIANXINGDAIBIAOJIUSHIXIANZANGYUHELANGUOLIBOWUGUAN (Rijksmuseum) HUIYU1658NIANDEDE《DAONIUNAIDENVPU》(The Milk Maid) 。ZHEIFUCHICUNWEI45.1cm*41cmDEFANBUYOUHUAZHONG,WEIMIERSUZAOLEYIGEPUTONGDEZHONGCHANJIEJINVPULAOZUODECHANGJING,CONGTATOUDAIDEBAISEMAOSHITIXIANCHULETADESHENFEN,ERSHINEIDECHENSHECONGZHUOBU,MAOJIN,ZHULAN,TONGGUAN,MIANBAO,NIUNAI,SHUIHUDAOQIANGJIAOXIANGQIANDEDAIERFUTELANCIWUYITIXIANLEQIFUWUJIATINGDEJIEJIDIWEI。ZAOCHENDEYANGGUANGROUHELEZHENGGECHANGJING,NVPUDELIANWEICE,BANMINGBANMIEZHONGTOUCHULEZHUNBEIZAOCANZHEIZHONGBUJINGYIDEANXIANG。SHENGHUOLIDEQINGSUBEIWEIMIERHUADERUCININGJING,HAOSIBUHUIBEIJIJIE、HUANJING、SHEHUINAIZHISHIDAIDEBIANHUASUORAODONG,TASHIHENGSHOUDE,MANMIAODIZIWOWEIZHU,ZAIXIWEIDESHIGUANGLICHIXUFASANCHUZIJIDENENGLIANG,YIZHIZHUIXUNSHENGHUODEJIZHI。

  WEIMIERYISHENGDOUWEILIKAIDAIERFUTE,SUOHUAZUOPINZHONGDERENWUHECHANGJINGDOULAIYUANYUTAXIANNIANJINGWUHUA《DAIERFUTEYIJING》HEZUOYU1658NIANDEJINGWUHUA《XIAOJIE》ZHIJINDOUNENGZAIDAIERFUTEXUNMIDAOJIURIHENJI,ERQITADERENWUHUADOUSHIZAITAWEIYUERLOUDEHUASHISUOZUO,TADEQIZIKATELINNA•BOERNEISI (Catherina Bolnes) YEDUOCICHUXIANZAIHUAZUOZHONG,WENROUJINGYI。

  NEIMEWEIMIERSHIFOUJIANGZIJIFENGBIZAIDAIERFUTEZIJIDEHUASHILI,ERBUZAICANYUSHIDAIDELIUDONGHEBIANHUANI?DAANSHIFOUDINGDE。WEIMIERYU1657NIANCHUANGZUODE《SHUIZHEDENVHAI》(A Girl Sleep) ZHONG,BAIZAIZHUOSHANGDESHENGZHIGUAGUODEDATANGPENJIUSHIDANGSHIFENGMIQUANOUZHOUDEQINGHUACI。ERZUOYU1661NIANDE《BEIZHONGDUANDEYINLE》(Girl Interrupted at Her Music)ZHONG,YEYOUYIZHICIQIZUODESHUIHUBAIZAIZHUOSHANGDELUTEQINHOUMIAN,DANLINGRENCUNYIDESHI,ZHEIZHISHUIHUKENENGBUSHIZHIJIELAIZIYUZHONGGUODEQINGHUACI,GENGXIANGSHICHUKOUCI,YINWEIYIJINGYOUOUZHOUDEGONGJIANGHUASHETIANZUWEIQITIANJIALEYINGAI。

  LINGWAI,YISHUJIE1YEZHICHUWEIMIERDEHUAZUOTIXIANLENONGYUDEYIYUFENGQING。CHUANGZUOYU1657-1659DEHUAZUO《CHUANGBIANDUXINDESHAONV》(Girl Reading a Letter at an Open Window)ZHONGQIANJINGSUOZHIDENEIGEPANZIJIUSHIWAIGUOZHIWU,ERPANZIQIANSHENSUOZHIDENEIZHANGTUERQIDITAN,YESHIWAIGUOZHIWU。BINGQIEWEILEPINGHENGRANGRENYANHUALIAOLUANDEQIANJINGBUJU,WEIMIERKEYIRANGQIANGBIKONGWUYIWU,KONGBAIDANBUDANDIAOCANGBAI,ZHEIZHONGBEIJINGLIUBAISIHUXIANGSHIDEDAOLEZHONGGUOGUDAIHUIHUADEYINGXIANG,SUIRANMEIYOUZHENGJUBIAOMING,DANZAIGUANCHAHUAZUOSHIYIJIUNENGGOUTIHUIDAOZHEIHEXIFANGYOUHUAZHONGJIANGJIUTIANMANKONGJIANDEXIGUANYOUFEICHANGDADECHABIE。

缅甸银河国际  DANWEIMIERRENGRANZHONGYUZIJI,TADEYISHENGDOUMEIYOUSHOUDAORENHEJIGOUHEGERENWEITUOZUOHUA。DAIERFUTEZAIDANGNIANDEQUEZAIHESHUDONGYINDUGONGSIDESHILIFANWEIZHINEI,DANWEIMIERCONGWEICHENGWEIHESHUDONGYINDUGONGSIDEHUAJIA。TASHIZHONGMIAOHUIYIGEANJINGDESHINEIKONGJIAN,SIHUYUKONGJIANWAIDECANKUXIANSHIXIANGGEJUE,TAYOUYIZHONGRANGWAIBUSHIJIEXIAOSHIDETIANFU。

  HELANHUANGJINSHIDAIDEDASHIDOUHENHUISHIYONGGUANGXIANRONGRUTAMENDECHUANGZUOZHONG,WEIMIERYONGQINGQIHEYOUQIZAIYOUHUASHANGBUZHUOGUANGXIAN,DANDANDEGUANGXIANCONGHUAMIANDEZUOCEYONGXIAN,MINGLIANG,CHUANTOU,FANSHE,ROUHE,CANLANZUCHENGLEWEIMIERDEGUANGXIAN。RUCIDEYUZHONGBUTONG,YOUTAYISHOUZHANGWO。BUTONGYULINGYIWEI“GUANGYINGDASHI”LUNBOLANG,WEIMIERDEGUANGQIANGDIAOBIANHUA,FENWEI“QINGROUDEGUANG(Light on Light)”; “CHUANTOUDEGUANG(Falling Light)”YIJI“YAOYANDELIANGGUANG(High Light)“2。BINGQIEGUANGDEBUTONGBANGZHUWEIMIERZAICHUANGZUOSHIQIEGELEBUTONGDEKONGJIANJIEGOU,YIDADAOPINGHENGHUAZUODEMEIGAN。

缅甸银河国际  LIRUZAI《DAIERFUTEYIJING》ZHONGJIUSHIYONGLEQINGROUDEGUANG。TIAN,CHENG,HE,ANSICENGPINGXINGGOUTU,KONGKUOPINGJING,YUHOUDEYUDIANZAISHUIMIANRENGRANDANGQILELIANYI。XIEYANGQUECONGYUNYINGHOUMIANJIANGGUANGTOUSHEZAIYUANYUANJINJINDEWUDINGSHANG,ZHEIXIEFANGZIANPAIDECUOLUOYOUZHI,JIASHANGZHUGUANGYIBANDEGUANGXIANGHENGXIANGSANKAI,SHIDEZHENGGEHUAMIANKANSHANGQUSHIFEIROUMEIHEXIE,MEIYOUYISIQINFANGANHEXIJUXING。

缅甸银河国际  CHUANTOUDEGUANGZETIXIANZAIGUANGXIANZAIWEIMIERDEHUAZUOZHONGBIAOXIANZAIDUOGEFANGMIAN。YOUDEZHIJIEZHAOZAIFANGJIANLIDEDONGXISHANG,YOUDETOUGUOCHUANGLIAN,HUOZHECHUANGUOGEZHONGGEYANGDEBOLIFASHENGZHESHE,YOUDESHENZHITONGGUOCHUANGHUSHANGDEXIAOKONGTOUSHEJINLAI,HUOZHECONGFUNVDEMAOYANTOUGUOYISIGUANGXIAN。

缅甸银河国际  ERYAOYANDELIANGGUANGSHIDEWEIMIERDEDABUFENZUOPINZHONGCHENGXIANCHUJINGUANGSHANSHANDEQIYAN。ZHUBAOSHANGDESHANGUANG,ANBIANDIWADEGUANGZE,YIBEISHANGDINGZIFANSHEYANGGUANGHERENWUYANZHONGDEGUANGMANGDENG。TAMENBEICHENGWEIHighlights,YINWEISHIZAIZUIHOUTUSHANGCENGCENGQINGQIXINGCHENGDE。ZHEIXIEWEIXIAO,HOUSHI,MIJIDEBANDIANZAIHUAZUOZHONGQIDAOLEHENDADEZUOYONG。

  WEIMIERJIANGBALUOKEDE“DONGTAI”BIANCHENGLEGUDIANHUADE“JINGTAI”。TAZUOHUAJIMAN,YOUJINGYUBUJU,SHIDEYICENGCENGDEKONGJIANSHENDUQIAOMIAODERONGRUZAIPINGMIANZHIZHONG,ZHEIYANGDEZHIXUJINGRANZUYITIXIANWEIMIERDEDASHIFENGCAI。

  ZIXIGUANCHAWEIMIERDEHUAZUO,BUNANKANCHUTADUIYANSEDEYUNYONGYOUFEICHANGXIANZHUDETEDIAN,TAXIHUANYIWENHEDELANSEHEHUANGSEZUOWEIJIDIAO。CONG《DAIZHENZHUERHUANDESHAONV》DAO《DUXINDENVREN》WUYIBUTIXIANLEZHEIYITEDIAN,ZAI《DAONIUNAIDENVPUZHONG》TAGENGSHIDADANCAIYONGLESANYUANSEHONGHUANGLANFENBUZAINVPUDEFUSHIZHONG,BINGHUYINGROUHEGUANGXIANHETONGGUANDEDANHUANGSE,HUAMIANZHONGKEYIKANDAOZAINUANSEDIAOHUANGSEGUANGZHAODUIBIXIA,NEIZHONGYINYINDANDANDELANSESHIRUCIANJING,YESHIWEIMIERDEHUAZUOYIDATEDIANZHIYI。RUGUOYOUJIHUIKANYUANZUO,JIANGHUIGUANCHADAOWEIMIERBICHUSHIHENPINGSHUNDE,ZHEIJIDAQUBIEYUTONGWEIHELANHUANGJINSHIDAIDASHIDELUNBOLANGNEIZHONGHAOFANGDEBICHU。ZHEIYANGDEBICHU,YESHIWEILECHUANDANEIZHONGJINGMIDEGANJUE。

  YUXIANDAIYISHUJIAXIANGBI,SHIQISHIJIHELANHUAJIAKEYIHUODEDEYANLIAOSHULIANGQUESHIHENSHAO。JINGUANYOUYANJIUXIANSHILINGYIWEIHUANGJINSHIDAIDASHILUNBOLANGSHIYONGLEDUODABAIZHONGDEYANLIAO,DANZAIWEIMIERDEZUOPINZHONGZHIYOUERSHIZHONGYANLIAOBEIJIANCEDAO。ERZAIZHEIXIEYANLIAOLI,ZUICHANGYONGDEYEBUGUOSHIYUZHONG,KESHIYIRANZAITADEZUOPINZHONGFAHUILEHEXINDEZUOYONG。WEIMIERSUOCAIYONGDESHIZHONGZHUYAOYANSEWEI:QIANBAISE,TUHUANGSE,ZHUHONGSE,SHENGHESE,QIANCAOSE,HAILVSHI,XIANGYAMO,SHENLANSE,QIANHUANGSEHEDIANLANSE3。

缅甸银河国际  ZAIWEIMIERDESHIDAI,YOUYUJINSHUGUANZHUANGSHIDEYANLIAOBINGMEIYOUFAMING,SUOYIMEIZHONGYANLIAOZAINAIJIUXING,KECAOZUOXING,GANZAOSHIJIANHESHENGCHANSHOUDUANFANGMIANDOUSHIBUTONGDE。ERQIE,XUDUOYANLIAOBUXIANGHUJIANRONG,BIXUDANDUSHIYONGHUOYITEDINGFANGSHISHIYONG。CIWAI,JINGJIYINSUDUIYISHUJIADEGONGZUOCHENGXUQIZHEJUEDINGXINGDEZUOYONG。BIRUMEIYOUSHIYONGDEGUOLIANGDEYOUQIHUIBEIZANSHIBAOCUNZAIZHUNANGZHONG,HUOZHEZHENGGEDIAOSEBANKENENGZAISHUIZHONGGUOYE,YIFANGZHIYUYANGQIJIECHUERYINQIGANZAO。YEXUSHIZHEIYIYUANYIN,CUCHENGLEWEIMIERNANGZHONGXIUSEMEIYOUBANFAXIANGLUNBOLANGYIYANGDASIGOUMAIYANLIAOYONGYUHUIHUACHUANGZUO。

  2001NIAN,YINGGUOYISHUJIADAWEI•HUOKENI(David Hockney)CHUBANLE“MIMIZHISHI:ZHONGXINFAXIANGUDAIDASHIDESHILUOJIQIAO”YISHU,TARENWEIWEIMIER(BAOKUOHANSI•HUOERBAIYINHEDIEGE•WEILASIKAIZIZAINEIDEWENYIFUXINGHEBALUOKEYISHUJIA)SHIYONGGUANGXUEJISHULAISHIXIANJINGQUEDINGWEIZUHEWU,TEBIESHIQUMIANJING,XIANGJIANXIANGHEZHAOXIANGJIDEYIXIEZUHE。ZHEIBEICHENGWEIHUOKENI - FAERKE(Hockney-Falco)LUNWEN,YIHUOKENI(Hockney)HECHAERSI•FAERKE(Charles M. Falco)ZHEIGELILUNDELINGYIZHICHIZHEDEMINGZIMINGMING。

  YINGGUOXUEZHEFEILIPU•SITAIDEMANJIAOSHOUCHUBANLE“WEIMIERDEXIANGJI:JIEKAI2001NIANJIEZUOBEIHOUDEZHENXIANG”YISHU,MINGQUEZHICHUWEIMIERYONGANXIANGLAICHUANGZUOTADEZUOPIN。SITAIDEMANJIAOSHOUZHICHU,WEIMIERDEXUDUOHUIHUAZUOPINDOUSHIZAITONGYIGEFANGJIANLIHUADE,ERQIETAFAXIANLELIUFUHUIHUA,RUGUOTAMENCONGFANGJIANHOUQIANGSHANGDEANXIANGLIMIANHUACHULAIDEHUA,CHICUNQIADAOHAOCHU。ZHEIXIELILUNDEZHICHIZHEYIJINGZHICHULEWEIMIERDEYIXIEHUIHUAZHONGDEZHENGJU,BIRUZAIWEIMIERDEHUIHUAZHONGJINGCHANGTAOLUNDESHANSHANFAGUANGDELIANGDIANBEIRENWEIZHEISHIYOUXIANGJIANXIANGCHANSHENGGUANGYUNDEYUANSHIJINGTOUDEJIEGUO。

缅甸银河国际  2008NIAN,MEIGUOQIYEJIAJIANFAMINGJIADIMU•ZHANNISEN(Tim Jenison)TICHULEYIGELILUN:WEIMIERCENGJINGYONGGUOYIGEANXIANGHEYIGE“TOUJING”,ZHEIGEJINGDEGAINIANHEZHAOXIANGJIXIANGSI,DANSHIYAOJIANDANDEDUO,ERQIEHENRONGYIPIPEISEZHI。TAHOULAIXIUGAILELILUN,ZHISHISHEJIYIGEAOMIANJINGHEBIJIAOJING。TAHUALEWUNIANSHIJIANCESHITADELILUN,SHITUYONGZHEIXIEGONGJUZIJIZHONGXINCHUANGZUOYINLEKE,BINGJIANGTAYANJIUDEZHEIYIGUOCHENGPAICHENGLEJILUPIAN“DIMUDEWEIMIER”(Tims Vermeer)。

缅甸银河国际  ZHEIXIELILUNHEGUANDIANYINFALERENMENDUIYUWEIMIERRUHEJINXINGCHUANGZUODEGUANGFANTAOLUN。WEIMIERDUIGUANGXUEDEXINGQUBINGMEIYOURENHELISHIDEZHENGJU,ZAITAQUSHIHOUHUIZHIDEYISHUJIACAIWUDEXIANGXIQINGDANBUBAOKUOXIANGJIANXIANGHUORENHELEISIDESHEBEI。RANER,WEIMIERYUXIANFENGJINGTOUZHIZAOSHANGANDONGNI•FAN•LIEWENHUKE(Antonie van Leeuwenhoek)MIQIELIANXI,ERLIEWENHUKEZAIWEIMIERQUSHIHOUSHITAYIZHUDEZHIXINGZHE。

  CENGJINGDANHELANMORUITAISIHUANGJIAMEISHUGUAN (Mauritshuis)4SHOUXIXIUFUZHONGXINZHUGUAN, XIANRENHELANAMUSITEDANDAXUEYISHUXIUFUHEKEJIXIZHURENYUEGE•WADAMU (JørgenWadum) JIAOSHOUJIESHOUCAIFANGSHIBIAODALEWANQUANBUTONGDEGUANDIAN,TARENWEIWEIMIERBINGMEIYOUSHIYONGANXIANGJISHU。WADAMUJIAOSHOUSHUO:“ZIRAN,WEIDADEYISHUJIADANGRANYINQIDAZHONGDEZHUMUYEHUIYOUXUDUOGUANYUTASHENGPINGHEHUAZUODETAOLUN,WEIMIERYEBULIWAIYOUQISHISHILIAOJIZAIBUGOUZHOUQUANDEQINGKUANGXIA。“TABUCHONGDAO:“WOCENGCANYUXIUFUWEIMIERDEZUOPIN,BINGQIEFAXIANTAYOU17FUZUOPINDEMIEDIANWEIZHIYOUYIGEZHENKONG,ZHEISHIDINGZUOBIAOSHISUOCHANGYONGDEYIZHONGJIQIAO。XIAOZHENCHUANGUOZHENKONG,SHANGMIANXIZHEYIGENSHENGZI,ZUOHUADESHIHOU,HUAJIAKEYIYISHOUNAZHESHENGZIYIQUEBAOHOUTUIXIAN(XIAOSHIXIAN)ZHIXIANGMIEDIAN。XUDUOYISHUJIADOUCAIYONGLEZHEIYANGDEFANGSHI,DANGTAMENXIANGYAOBAOZHENGTOUSHIZHENGQUECHABUDUODOUSHIZHEIYANGZUODE。“CIWAI,TAHAIZHICHUGUANYUWEIMIERHUAZUOBIANYUANMOHU,BINGBUSHIYINWEITATONGGUOANXIANGDELAOJIUJINGTOUGUANCHADUIXIANG。ERSHITAYONGLEZUIJIANDANDESHOUFACHUANGZAOLELINGRENXINFUDETOUSHI。KENENGSHOUDAOLEDAFENQIZHUZHANGDEYUNRANFADEYINGXIANG,CONGERHUACHUROUHEDEGUODUERBUSHIJIANRUIDELUNKUO。

  ZAIWEIMIERSHENGHUODENEIGESHIDAI,HUAJIABINGBUXIANGXIANZAISHEHUISUOZUNWEIDEHUAJIA,GENGXIANGSHIYIGESHOUYIREN。TAMENJIESHOUZHUANYEDEMEISHUXUNLIAN,TIGAOSUYANGDOUSHIWEILEHUACHUGENGHAODEHUA,FUWUYUSHICHANGHEGUZHUDEXUQIU,YIHUANQUGENGHAODEJINGJILIYI,YOUQISHISHENCHUZAIHUANGJINSHIDAIDEHELAN。17SHIJIDEHELANSHEHUIZHENGZAIXUNSUDELEIJICAIFU,ZIBENZHUYIKAISHIMENGYACHENGXING,ZHUANQIANYIJINGBIANCHENGLEYIZHONGMEIDE,ZHIYAOZHUANZHIYOUDAOJIKE。ZHISHAODANGSHIHELANDEZHONGCHANJIEJIDUICIXINZHIBUYU。KESHI,WEIMIERRENGRANBAOCHILEZIJIYISHUCHUANGZAODEDULIXING,SUIRANTADESHENGHUOZAIWANQIYILAIYUMAIHUAYINGSHENG,DANTARENGRANCHUANGZAOLESHUYUZIJIDUYIWUERDEFENGGE,BINGQIEZUIXINYUTADESHIJIE。

缅甸银河国际  WOXIANG,ZAIDALIANGFUZHIDENIANDAIYOUXIEDONGXISHIBUKEFUZHIDE,YOUSHIHOUBUSHIYIKAOJISHUHESHOUYI,GENGSHIYIZHONGDUISHENGHUODEMINGAN,NIBIXUSHINEIGEDUYIWUERDEJIANGSHUZHE。WEIMIERZUODAOLE,TAZUOHUAHENMAN,JINGYUBUJU,QUANYONGCHANGTAIXIADEPINGXINGTOUSHI,SHIYICENGCENGDEKONGJIANSHENDUQIAOMIAODIRONGHEYUPINGMIANTUSHI,BUGUOYUQIANGDIAOSHIJUEHUANXIANG,BAOCHIYIQINGXIDELUNKUOHEDAKUAIMINGANZHIPEIHUAMIAN。TADUISUOYOUDEXINGTIDOUJINGGUOJIANCAI,DAPEI,JIAOCUO,BIRANG,SHIDEHUAMIANYANSIHEFENGJINGJINGYOUTIAO。FANSHIBUYAODEDONGXIDOUTAOTAIDIAO,BINGQIEDONGDE“LIUBAI”DEZHEXUE。CONGJUXIANGSHANJIANDAOCHOUXIANG,TAYEQIFALEBITAWANHAOJIBAINIANDELINGYIWEIHELANDASHI“MENGDELIAN”。

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  ZUOZHE:TANGXI(Sissi Tang),XIANJUXIANGGANG。ZIYOUZHUANGAOREN,WENZIJIANYU《YUEJI》《T:NIUYUESHIBAOFENGSHANGZAZHI》“HELANZAIXIANZHONGWENWANG“,“XINLANGSHOUZANGDENGMEITI。HELANWUTELEZHIYISHUXUEYUANYISHUGUANLISHUOSHI,YINGGUOLANKASITEDAXUEMEITIYUWENHUAYANJIUZHUANYEXUESHI,CENGRENHELANGUOLIBOWUGUANXIANGMUJINGLIHEFANGAOBOWUGUANZHANLVEGUWEN,XIANRENXIANGGANGSHEJIZONGHUIXIANGMUJINGLI。CHANPINZHONGXINZHINENGRENCAIZHAOPINYOUNAXIEWANGZHANJIEDU“DAIERFUTEDESIFENKESI”:GUANYUHUANGJINSHIDAIDASHIWEIMIERDEWUGEGUANJIANCI2019/10/21GUANYUWOMEN

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